How do you dispose of antimony?
Moisten solid spilled material first or use a HEPA-filter vacuum for clean-up and place into sealed containers for disposal. Ground and bond containers when transferring Antimony powder. Use only non-sparking tools and equipment. DO NOT wash into sewer.
What is Antimony Pentachloride used for?
Antimony Pentachloride is a colorless to reddish-yellow, oily liquid with an offensive odor. It is used in dyeing and in many organic chemical reactions.
Is it safe to handle antimony?
Antimony Powder is hazardous. UN2871, 6.1 PG III GHS Pictograms: Antimony Powder only. H335 May cause respiratory irritation. H373 May cause damage to liver, kidneys, and/or cardiovascular system through prolonged or repeated exposure.
How do you make antimony pentachloride?
Antimony pentachloride is prepared by passing chlorine gas into molten antimony trichloride: SbCl3 + Cl2 → SbCl. Gaseous SbCl5 has a trigonal bipyramidal structure.
Does antimony react with water?
Antimony does not react with air or water at room temperature; it does react with fluorine, chlorine, or bromine and is soluble in hot nitric or sulfuric acid; at higher temperatures, antimony will ignite and burn in air.
Why is antimony so explosive?
Electrolytic deposition of antimony under certain conditions produces an unstable amorphous form called “explosive antimony,” because, when bent or scratched, it will change in a mildly explosive manner to the more stable metallic form.
How do you make antimony explode?
Explosive antimony is an allotrope of the chemical element antimony that is so sensitive to shocks that it explodes when scratched or subjected to sudden heating.
Is antimony pentachloride soluble in water?
Antimony oxychloride is soluble in hydrochloric acid but insoluble in water. It is corrosive to metals and tissue. Antimony trichloride is an inorganic chloride salt with formula SbCl3.
Is antimony toxic to the body?
Acute (short-term) exposure to antimony by inhalation in humans results in effects on the skin and eyes. Respiratory effects, such as inflammation of the lungs, chronic bronchitis, and chronic emphysema, are the primary effects noted from chronic (long-term) exposure to antimony in humans via inhalation.
What are the dangers of antimony?
Exposure to relatively high concentrations of antimony (9 mg/m3 of air) for a longer period of time can cause irritation of the eyes, skin and lungs. As the exposure continues more serious health effects may occur, such as lung diseases, heart problems, diarrhea, severe vomiting and stomach ulcers.
Is antimony trioxide a flame retardant?
Antimony trioxide itself has no flame retardant function, however, when it is used together with halogenated compounds, the synergistic effect of the mixture creates the flame retardant properties.
Is antimony banned?
As of January 2020, California has banned the sale and distribution of new upholstered furniture, replacement components of reupholstered furniture, foam in mattresses, and certain children’s products made for residential use if these products contain more than 0.1% of certain flame retardant-related chemicals.