How do you find the solubility of ethanol?
Ethanol has a 2 carbon chain and a OH group. As water is polar it attracts OH group. Carbon chain on the other hand as nonpolar is repelled. Solubility of alcohols is therefore determined by the stronger of the two forces.
How do you find the molecular weight of ethanol?
46.07 g/molEthanol / Molar mass
Because 1 mol of ethanol contains 2 mol of carbon atoms (2 × 12.011 g), 6 mol of hydrogen atoms (6 × 1.0079 g), and 1 mol of oxygen atoms (1 × 15.9994 g), its molar mass is 46.069 g/mol.
How does alcohol dissolve in water?
Even though alcohol has one polar area (O–H bond) and a larger nonpolar area (C–H bonds), polar water molecules and the polar area on alcohol molecules are attracted to each other, causing alcohol to dissolve in water.
What happens to ethanol in water?
Ethanol molecules are smaller than water molecules, so when the two liquids are mixed together the ethanol falls between the spaces left by the water.
Are alcohol soluble in water?
Because alcohols form hydrogen bonds with water, they tend to be relatively soluble in water. The hydroxyl group is referred to as a hydrophilic (“water-loving”) group, because it forms hydrogen bonds with water and enhances the solubility of an alcohol in water.
Why is ethanol dissolved in water not an alkaline?
Tick ( ) the reason why the solution formed is not alkaline. Ethanol can be used as a solvent. Ethanol dissolves in water to form hydroxide ions. Ethanol has only covalent bonds in its molecule.
What is the chemical equation for ethanol?
C2H5OHEthanol / Formula
What happens when water is dissolved in ethanol?
When ethanol dissolves in water, the ethanol molecules remain intact but form new hydrogen bonds with the water. When, however, an ionic compound such as sodium chloride (NaCl) dissolves in water, the sodium chloride lattice dissociates into separate ions which are solvated (wrapped) with a coating of water molecules.