What is democracy?

What is democracy?

Democracy, which derives from the Greek word demos, or people, is defined, basi- cally, as government in which the supreme power is vested in the people. In some forms, democracy can be exercised directly by the people; in large societies, it is by the people through their elected agents.

Is Adenophorea a class of nematodes?

Adenophorea or Aphasmidia was a class of nematodes (roundworms). It has been by and large abandoned by modern taxonomy, because there is strong evidence for it being a motley paraphyletic group of unrelated lineages of roundworms. Characteristics supposed to distinguish Adenophorea are:

Why is the classification of Adenophorea abandoned by modern taxonomy?

It has been by and large abandoned by modern taxonomy, because there is strong evidence for it being a motley paraphyletic group of unrelated lineages of roundworms. Characteristics supposed to distinguish Adenophorea are:

What is the difference between freedom and Democracy?

Or, in the memorable phrase of President Abraham Lincoln, democracy is government of the people, by the people, and for the people. Freedom and democracy are often used interchange- ably, but the two are not synonymous.


What is democracy according to Diamond?

According to Diamond (2004), democracy is a means for the people to choose their leaders and to hold their leaders accountable for their policies and their conduct in office. He goes on to state that the people decide who will represent them in parliament, and who will head the government, at the national and local levels.

What are the basic principles of democracy?

Democracies rest upon the principle that government exists to serve the people. In other words, the people are citizens of the democratic state, not its subjects. Because the state protects the rights of its citizens, they, in turn, give the state their loyalty.

What is Oneironautics?

Oneironautics [ə.neɪ.roʊ.nɔː.tɪks] refers to the ability to travel within a dream on a conscious basis.

What is democracy according to Popper?

Although democracy is generally understood to be defined by voting, no consensus exists on a precise definition of democracy. Karl Popper says that the “classical” view of democracy is simply, “in brief, the theory that democracy is the rule of the people, and that the people have a right to rule.”

What is the origin of the word incombustible?

First recorded in 1425–75; late Middle English word from Medieval Latin word incombustibilis. See in- 3, combustible The French adopt the same derivation, calling it “asbeste” (minèral filamenteux et incombustible ). It is incombustible, and anciently was wrought into a soft, flexible cloth, which was used as a shroud for dead bodies.

Is a company a democracy or a republic?

3 : an organization or situation in which everyone is treated equally and has equal rights The company is not a democracy; decisions are made by a board of directors, not the workers. There is democracy within the company. Is the United States a democracy or a republic? The United States is both a democracy and a republic.

What is the basic feature of democracy according to Nassbaum?

From the foregoing, one can conclude that the basic feature of democracy according to Nassbaum (2000) is the capacity of all voters to participate freely and fully in the life of their society, and that democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens have an equal say in law-making (Diamond, 2006).

What is democracy according to Schumpeter?

Defining democracy as a system in which people have the opportunity of accepting or rejecting their leaders, through a competitive electoral process, Schumpeter (1947) subscribes to a new understanding of democracy as that which should put emphasis on aggregation of preferences, taking place through political parties for which

Is a government chosen by a small group a democracy?

A government chosen by a small, exclusive group is not a democracy – no matter how democratic its internal workings may appear.

Where did the term ‘democracy’ come from?

In ancient Athens, where the idea of democracy arguably was born, the word ‘demos’ originally meant district or land, and significant social groups were excluded from political participation, notably women, slaves and foreigners.

Is Democracy an event or a journey?

Some analysts have also claimed that democracy is not an event or process but rather a journey, involving several transitional phases before it can reach maturity over a period of time. Democracy has had diverse meanings. Indeed, the meaning of ‘people’ is itself socially determined.

What was the original form of democracy?

The original form of democracy was a direct democracy. The most common form of democracy today is a representative democracy, where the people elect government officials to govern on their behalf such as in a parliamentary or presidential democracy.

What makes a democratic election Democratic?

Democratic elections are inclusive. The definition of citizen and voter must be large enough to include the adult population. A government chosen by a small, exclusive group is not a democracy – no matter how democratic its internal workings may appear.

What is the meaning of Athenian democracy?

The term appeared in the 5th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in Greek city-states, notably Athens, to mean “rule of the people”, in contrast to aristocracy ( ἀριστοκρατία, aristokratía ), meaning “rule of an elite”.

What is a council democracy?

This system ultimately manifests itself as council democracy and begins with workplace democracy. Democracy cannot consist solely of elections that are nearly always fictitious and managed by rich landowners and professional politicians. Anarchists are split in this domain, depending on whether they believe that a majority-rule is tyrannic or not.

What is cosmopolitan democracy?

Cosmopolitan democracy, also known as Global democracy or World Federalism, is a political system in which democracy is implemented on a global scale, either directly or through representatives.

What is a democratic institution?

Democratic institutions. Thus, for thousands of years the kind of association in which democracy was practiced, the tribe or the city-state, was small enough to be suitable for some form of democracy by assembly, or “ direct democracy .” Much later, beginning in the 18th century, as the typical association became the nation-state or country,…

What is the hallmark of democracy?

The hallmark of democracy is that it permits citizens to participate in making laws and public policies by regularly choosing their leaders and by voting in assemblies or referenda.

How does a democratic government exercise authority?

Democratic governments exercise authority by way of the law and are themselves subject to the law s constraints. Citizens living in democracies are willing to obey the laws of their society because they are submitting to their own rules and regulations. Justice is best achieved when the laws are established by the very people who must obey them.

What is a citizen of a democracy?

A citizen of a democracy may be a member of a number of private or volunteer organizations – including interest groups that try, in some fashion, to influence public policy and persuade public officials of their views.

What is the difference between a democracy and a republic?

Democracies and republics are both forms of government in which supreme power resides in the citizens. The word republic refers specifically to a government in which those citizens elect representatives who govern according to the law.

What are the different types of Democracies?

Democracies fall into two basic categories, direct and representative. In a direct democracy, citizens, without the intermediary of elected or appointed officials, can participate in making public decisions.

Why do citizens of a democracy have to obey the law?

Whether rich or poor, ethnic majority or reli- gious minority, political ally of the state or peaceful opponent – all must obey the laws. The citizens of a democracy submit to the law because they recognize that, however indirectly, they are submitting to themselves as makers of the law. When In democracy, trials are open to the public.

What is democratisation?

Democratisation, or processes by which a society could progress from authoritarianism to minimalist democracy to substantive democracy, have never been linear, smooth and free of hazards.

What is the Internet and Democracy Project?

The Internet and Democracy Project is an initiative that will examine how the Internet influences democratic norms and modes, including its impact on civil society, citizen media, government transparency, and the rule of law, with a focus on the Middle East.

How are micro-band structures formed?

Under such conditions, a lot of micro-bands are formed in the deformed regions. The micro-band structures are nano-scale elongated crystallites surrounded by HABs and rapidly change to equiaxed and randomly-orientated grain structures behind the tool pin [ 51 ].

What is a microband cluster?

This arrangement of microbands, known as microband cluster, represents a dislocation structure formed due to concentration of dislocation slip along a specific slip plane in a given grain. TEM investigations clearly indicated that the dislocation density at the microband walls was substantially higher than in the regions inside the microband.

What are the powers of the government in a democracy?

In a democracy, the powers of the government are, by law, clearly defined and sharply limited. As a result, private organizations are largely free of government control.

What was the power of democracy in that age?

1827 Hallam Const. Hist. (1876) II. xii. 453 The power of the democracy in that age resided chiefly in the corporations. 1841 Gen. P. Thompson Exerc. (1842) VI. 151 The portion of the people whose injury is the most manifest, have got or taken the title of the ‘democracy’.

What is a representative democracy?

Dahl, Shapiro, Cheibib (2003) state that in a representative democracy, every vote has equal weight, no unreasonable restrictions can apply to anyone seeking to become a representative, and the freedom of its eligible citizens is secured by legitimized rights and liberties which are typically protected by a constitution.

What are the key elements of democracy?

th Century BC Greek origin which today has its application rooted in the representative democracy where the supreme power is invested in the people. The study has also identified the politicians, mass media, civil societies and natural resources as key elements in a democratic process.

What is the essence of the democratic system?

The essence of the democratic system is an empty place, void of real people, which can only be temporarily filled and never be appropriated. The seat of power is there but remains open to constant change.

What are the characteristics of democratic society?

Democracies tend to be noisy. Democracy depends upon a literate, knowledgeable citizenry whose access to information enables it to par- ticipate as fully as possible in the public life of society and to criticize unwise or oppressive government offi- cials or policies.

What is pro-procedural democracy?

Procedural democracy essentially denotes the institution of certain procedures such as regular elections, based on some kind of universal suffrage and pluralist political participation and contestation, to produce an electorally-legitimated government. This is also at times referred to as ‘working democracy’.

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