What is pharynx in anatomy and physiology?

What is pharynx in anatomy and physiology?

The pharynx, usually called the throat, is part of the respiratory system and digestive system. It carries air, food and fluid down from the nose and mouth. The pharynx is the site of common illnesses, including sore throat and tonsillitis.

What is pharynx in PPT?

PHARYNX • Fibromuscular tube lined with mucous membrane • extends from base of skull to lower border of cricoid cartilage (C-6). • 12-14 cm long • At lower border of cricoid – continues with esophagus • Passage for respi & digestive tracts.

What are the 7 openings in the pharynx?

Seven cavities communicate with it, viz., the two nasal cavities, the two tympanic cavities, the mouth, the larynx, and the esophagus. The cavity of the pharynx may be subdivided from above downward into three parts: nasal, oral, and laryngeal (Fig. 994).

What cavity is the pharynx in?

The oral pharynx begins at the back of the mouth cavity and continues down the throat to the epiglottis, a flap of tissue that covers the air passage to the lungs and that channels food to the esophagus.

What is difference between larynx and pharynx?

The pharynx, in turn, opens into the food pipe and the larynx. The larynx opens into the trachea….Pharynx vs Larynx.

Pharynx Larynx
It is a part of both respiratory and digestive system It is a part of the respiratory system.
The walls of the pharynx are made of muscles The walls of the larynx are made of cartilages

What are the types of pharynx?

The three parts of the pharynx are the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx.

What are the 4 layers of pharynx?

Microscopic Anatomy The walls of nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx are composed of four layers. From internal (luminal side) to external, the layers are the mucosa, submucosa, muscle layer, and fibrosa.

What are the different parts of the pharynx?

Parts of pharynx Laryngopharynx • Plane of hyoid bone  lower border of cricoid cartilage 20 Nasopharynx • Base of skull  nasopharyngeal isthmus Oropharynx • Nasopharyngeal isthmus  plane of hyoid bone 21. Parts of pharynx 1.

What is the length of the pharynx?

DR AARYA SERIN 2.  Pharynx is a conical fibromuscular tube  12-14 cm long  extendS from base of the skull (basiocciput and basisphenoid) to the lower border of cricoid cartilage.  The width is 3.5 cm at its base and this narrows to 1.5 cm at pharyngo-oesophageal junction which is the narrowest part of digestive tract apart from the appendix. 3.

How is the pharynx involved in the respiratory system?

The pharynx is involved in both the respiratory and the digestive systems: air passes through the nasal and oral sections, and food through the oral and laryngeal sections. Warming and humidifying. By the same methods as in the nose, the air is further warmed and moistened as it passes through the pharynx.

Where is the pharynx located?

2. overview • It lies behind the nose, mouth and larynx and is wider at its upper end. • The upper part of the pharynx transmits only air, the lower part ( below the inlet of the larynx) only food, but the middle part is a common passage for both air and food. 3.

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