What is a neuromotor impairment?
A neuromotor impairment is an abnormality of, or damage to, the brain, spinal cord, or nervous system that sends impulses to the muscles of the body. These impairments are acquired at or before birth, and often result in complex motor problems that can affect several body systems.
What is the development of a student with orthopedic impairment?
Students with orthopedic impairments often have additional impair- ments such as mental retardation, learning disabilities, perceptual problems, distractibility, disorganization, visual-motor deficits, restlessness, and visual abnormalities that can affect school performance.
What are the characteristics of orthopedic impairments?
The referral characteristics for the student with an orthopedic impairment (OI) fall more into the area of physical characteristics. These may include paralysis, unsteady gait, poor muscle control, loss of limb, etc. An orthopedic impairment may also impede speech production and the expressive language of the child.
What are the different types of orthopedic impairments?
There are three types of orthopedic impairments: neuromotor impairments, those involving the central nervous system, including spina bifida, cerebral palsy and spinal cord injuries; musculoskeletal disorders, involving defects of disease of the bone and muscle; and degenerative diseases, affecting motor movement, such …
How do you motivate and engage students with orthopedic impairments?
- Special seating arrangements to develop useful posture and movements.
- Instruction focused on development of gross and fine motor skills.
- Securing suitable augmentative communication and other assistive devices.
- Awareness of medical condition and its affect on the student (such as getting tired quickly)
How do you motivate students with orthopedic impairments?
How do you teach an orthopedic impairment?
Teaching Strategies for Orthopedic Impairment
- Seating arrangements to develop useful posture and movements.
- Instruction that is focused on development of gross and fine motor skills.
- Ensuring suitable augmentative communication and other assistive devices.
How do you accommodate students with orthopedic impairments?
Vaughn, Bos, & Schumm (2007) developed three basic principles when accommodating students with orthopedic impairments: (1) use others as resources, (2) be flexible in your planning, and (3) be ingenious and creative.
What are orthopedic impairments?
Sometimes orthopedic impairments are called physical disabilities or included in the category of ” other health impairments .” Students with orthopedic impairments typically have the same cognitive abilities as their peers without disabilities.
How do orthopedic impairments qualify for special education?
To qualify for special education services, a student’s orthopedic impairment must interfere with their ability to perform in an educational environment.
What are vocational goals for students with orthopedic impairments?
Students with orthopedic impairments may also have vocational goals written into their Individualized Education Plans (IEP) that expressly outline knowledge and skills that the students should develop in order to help prepare them for life after public education. The SAE requirements for students with orthopedic impairments can be modified to