Which organization is trying to ban landmines?
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) is a global network of non-governmental organizations, active in some 100 countries, that works for a world free of antipersonnel landmines, where landmine survivors can lead fulfilling lives.
What is the ICBL doing to Ban Landmines?
The ICBL monitors the global mine and cluster munition situation (through Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor, its research and monitoring arm), and conducts advocacy activities, lobbying for implementation and universalization of the Mine Ban Treaty, humanitarian mine action programs geared toward the needs of mine- …
How can landmines be removed?
Detection and removal of landmines is a dangerous activity, and personal protective equipment does not protect against all types of landmine. Once found, mines are generally defused or blown up with more explosives, but it is possible to destroy them with certain chemicals or extreme heat without making them explode.
How many landmines have been cleared?
According to Clearing the Mines 2020, almost 164,000 anti-personnel mines were cleared globally in 2019. 131 square kilometres of contaminated land – roughly half the size of the UK city of Birmingham – was returned to some of the world’s poorest and most marginalised communities.
Why did Jody Williams want to ban landmines?
Those who survive the explosion often suffer life‐altering injuries from these brutal weapons of war. Jody Williams was determined to eliminate these threats to civilians, and her work was instrumental in mobilizing people and organizations across the globe to convince their governments to ban landmines outright.
Are landmines a war crime?
Placing minefields without marking and recording them for later removal is considered a war crime under Protocol II of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, which is itself an annex to the Geneva Conventions.
When did Jody Williams win the Nobel Peace Prize?
The Nobel Peace Prize 1997 was awarded jointly to International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and Jody Williams “for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines.”
Why are landmines still a problem?
Landmines are inhumane because, by design, they inflict brutal damage to the human body that kills or create life-long injuries. Once planted, landmines don’t go away until they are removed. Landmines sown during the First World War are still causing death and destruction in parts of Europe and North Africa.
What is Landmining?
Antipersonnel landmines are explosive devices designed to be detonated by the presence, proximity, or contact of a person. Placed under or on the ground, they can lie dormant for years and even decades until a person or animal triggers their detonating mechanism.
Are landmines illegal?
Anti-personnel landmines are prohibited under the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (or Mine Ban Convention), adopted in 1997. More than 150 countries have joined this treaty.
Which country has most landmines?
Egypt as a Case Study. Egypt has been listed as the country most contaminated by landmines in the world with an estimate of approximately 23,000,000 landmines.
What is the international campaign to Ban Landmines?
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), formally launched in 1992 by a handful of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), is presently made up of over 1,400 organizations in 90 countries worldwide.
What is the anti-personnel landmine Convention?
Mostly in countries at peace – and the majority of victims are civilians. The Anti-personnel Landmine Convention, or the Mine Ban Convention, addresses this scourge.
Is the use of anti-personnel landmines regulated?
In the 1980s, the use of anti-personnel landmines was regulated under the CCW treaty. But many countries wanted a complete ban. The ensuing Mine Ban Convention has been joined by three-quarters of the world’s countries.
What do we do to clear landmines?
We systematically clear and return the land to local communities for productive use. We recruit and train men and women from local communities. This gives people affected by landmines the opportunity to clear them, as well as financially support their own families and communities.